磁州窑是中国北方最大的民窑体系,是古代民间陶瓷的杰出代表。因其窑厂主要位于古磁州而得名。
  磁州窑的烧陶制瓷历史源远流长。古代磁州地域即今河北邯郸的峰峰矿区、磁县和武安等地,早在七千五百年前的新石器早期先民们就已经能够烧制陶器,这一地区曾多有发现仰韶文化时期的彩陶、龙山文化时期的黑陶及商周的灰陶和战国印纹硬陶;并已出现了制陶作坊,标志着制陶的生产已初具规模。汉代磁州的釉陶臻于成熟,魏晋和南北朝时期已完成了釉陶向粗瓷青瓷的转化,开始烧制白瓷。隋唐五代的化妆白瓷在工艺技术上更趋成熟,胎釉蔚为大观。宋代磁州窑进入鼎盛,并跃然成为中国最大的民间窑系。这时直系窑口生产主要分布在以峰峰矿区临水、彭城为主的滏阳河流域和以磁县观台为主的漳河流域。观台窑与元代几近衰落;临水、彭城窑口则薪传于今,生产规模日益壮大,遂成为中国北方最大的制瓷中心。磁州窑瓷器面向大众而品相纷华,在宋元众多瓷窑中风骚独领。它以施用化妆土为基本特征,创造了丰富的装饰技法,即有各类色釉装饰、刻划花、剔花、白地黑花、白地釉下绘划花,又有红绿彩、低温铅釉三彩和印花白瓷、印花青瓷等三十多种;尤其是 铁锈花技法突破了五大官窑单色釉的局限,具有传统水墨画的艺术效果并把中国的传统绘画、书法技艺与制瓷工艺结合起来,创造了新的综合艺术,开拓了古代陶瓷美学的新境界;为以后青花和五彩瓷器的发展开辟了道路。磁州窑的装饰题材丰富多彩,别具一格,画师们以极其潇洒的手法和高妙的画技,将民间喜闻乐见的花鸟鱼虫、珍禽瑞兽、山水人物、戏曲故事、诗词曲赋、格言民谚、婴戏杂剧等绘于瓷器,保留了大量古代民间绘画、书法及反映民俗民风的实物资料,形成了质朴、洒脱、明快、豪放的艺术风格及浓郁的民间色彩和鲜明的民族特色, 对国内

乃至世界陶瓷产生了深远而巨大的影响。
  2003年磁州窑被国家命名中国十大名窑。
  2005年彭城定为中国磁州窑之乡、中国民窑研究基地。

Cizhou Kiln
  Located in Ci Counfy and Pengcheng town District of Handan City.Hebei Province.Cixhou Kiln is a splendid representative among ancient folk

kiln in China.The kiln is rare in domestic kilns.originating at Northern Dynasties.being in vogue in song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty.lasting up to now.The kiln can fire the porcelain of colored drawing. whose main artistic characteristics are by contrastion with black and white.whose typical representative is by decoration with white field and black flower.synthesized with Song Dynasty porcelain decoration.combined with Chinese traditional painting and handwriting art and porcelain-making craft.lt has opened up a new ambit of Song Dynasty porcelain acsthetics and a new road for the development of blue-white porcelain and five-colored porcelain etc.Cizhou Kiln is second to none and has a unique style among the numerous kilns.which faces to the common people and has many varieties.The artist paints on the porcelain with small scenic picture loved by the people by adopting stylish.lofty and consummate skills.and forms simple.free.vivid and bold style.It produces a huge and deep influence on many kilns at home and abroad and becomes a famous kiln toenjoy the fame at home and abroad.

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